Life Cycle Sustainability Analysis of Cement Industry through Evaluation Framework
Cement industry is under development from initial extraction phase to final process of concrete due to lack of advance techniques used in the process. The life cycle of concrete involves waste, atmospheric dust, carbon dioxide and excess fuel consumption resulting in poor economic, environment and societal impacts. Unless some restricted conventions are imposed by resident establishments to make sure compliance with national and international standards upon this industry, the rise of cement plants and their connected quarries in the area may weaken the quality of air, quality of life, workers’ health and safety, and thus can destroy the fragile ecosystems in the area. Therefore, cement industry requires an augmented model and improved methods at process, product and service levels. This research focuses on the total life cycle of cement product under the environmental, societal, and economic indicators of sustainability. Different sets of questionnaires are distributed among different cement industries. On the basis of significant parameters under economic, societal and environmental indicators marked by executives, experts and workers, a framework is developed to find the sustainability of cement industries. Its result shows that the cement industry has a total product sustainability index value of 46% and is evaluated at the average level of sustainable development after comparison with the international standards.
Sustainability, Sustainability indicators, Product index value, Sustainability framework, Cement industry.